Monday, July 30, 2007

Peace not Warhol 1960

The summer of love... although i was mearly a twinkle in my fathers eye, i know, and have for some time, about this time. The 1960's was a hugaly influential period for many people. PEACE, LOVE, SEX and ROCK & ROLL are words that come to my mind, but alond with this there is a visual of many loud colours. Whether it was the introduction of drugs like LSD to society of whether the music, that was obviously the creation of the devil, something had changed. Flourecent colours and warped patterns covered all aspects of design, the rigid shapes and regimented colours of the past were left behind for freedon of expression.

The Pop Art movement originated in England in the 1950s and traveled overseas to the United States during the 1960s. Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, both members of the Independent Group, pioneered the movement in London in the 1950s. In the 1960s, the movement was carried by Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield, David Hockney, Allen Jones, and Peter Phillips. In the early sixties, Pop art found its way to the United States, seen in the work of Jim Dine, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Rauschenberg. It developed in the United States as a response to the wealth of the post World War II era and the growing materialism and consumerism in society. The most recognized Pop Artist, Andy Warhol, used a photo-realistic, mass production printmaking technique called seriagraphy to produce his commentaries on media, fame, and advertising.

Born in Pittsburgh, Andy Warhol moved to New York at the age of twenty-one to become a commercial artist. This occupation gave him experience in silkscreen printing, which became he medium of choice. Warhol began making paintings of familiar objects such as soup cans and brillo pads. After a brief period of hand-painting these works, Warhol began to use mechanical techniques to mass-produce his images. His interest in popular culture expanded as he began to depict celebrities and newspaper clippings in his prints. Warhol also created films and worked with the rock band, The Velvet Underground

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