Tuesday, May 15, 2007

1920 - 1930 Graphic Design

Bauhaus is the common term for the Staatliches Bauhaus, an art and architecture school in Germany that operated from 1919 to 1933, and for its approach to design that it publicized and taught. The Bauhaus art school existed in three German cities under three different architect-directors. The school had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design and typography.

Josef Albers (1888-1976) was an influential teacher, writer, painter, and color theorist best known for his “Homages to the Square” series.

Albers enrolled at the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1920. By 1922 he had completed his preliminary studies in stained glass and was placed in charge of the Bauhaus glass workshop.

Examples of his early works using glass:

Untitled (1921)
Glass, wire, and metal, set in a metal frame.

Grid Mounted (1921)
Glass, copper wire, latticework.

Shortly after this Josef began experimenting with sandblasted glass, creating artworks and designing large scale glass windows.

Red and White (1923)
Stained-glass window

Factory (1925)
Sanblasted flashed glass

In Ausgust 1933, after the Bauhaus school was officially closed, Albers resumed print making. Soon after this Josef was invited to teach at the newly-founded Black Mountain College, North Carolina. Josef and his wife Anni lived out the rest of there lives travelling around the United states. His work appeared in exhibitions all over the world and in 1983, 7 years after his death, the Josef Albers Museum is opened in Bottrop, Germany.


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